Recently I spent a night at Mississagi Provincial Park and Campground, just north of Elliot Lake Ontario. The Park is classified as a ‘natural environment park’ under the Ontario Provincial Park system and is one of the parks that was slated to be changed to a non-operating park (eg. day visitors only) last fall.
Mississagi was kept open this year under a one year trial program which drew on resources of Elliot Lake. Essentially, during the trial period Elliot Lake is responsible for staffing, operational and capital costs and will cover any losses that the Park incurs. I had a great experience at Mississagi and it will be interesting what will happen to the park in the future.
Given the vast amount of crown land, lakes, and forest areas in Northern Ontario moving parks to non-operating status means the use of park space would probably drop dramatically. There is a ton of choice for fishers, hikers, boaters etc and many people want to be able to stay over where they are spending the day. If Mississagi drops to day use only status some have speculated that the park will probably see an even greater drop in attendance.
Overall I had a great experience at Missisagi. The walking trails were great — albeit lacking in interpretive signage. Granted, I didn’t splurge on the comprehensive trail guide which probably included more detailed explanations of the natural landscape. I also went kayaking on the main lake in the Park and the views from the lake and the trails were beautiful. Places like Mississagi Park serve as an excellent reminder of the natural value of the vast outdoor spaces in the North.
One of the many great experiences I had last week, as part of a trial summer institute being piloted at my work, included a trip to the Lake Superior Provincial Park to see the Agawa Pictographs. Lake Superior Park is a beautiful park on the shores of Lake Superior and the Agawa Pictographs are just one of the many natural attractions within the park.
The earliest recorded mention of the Agawa Pictographs is in the 1851 writing of Henry Rowe Schoolcraft. The Pictographs are generally thought to be between 150 and 400 years old and were painted using red ochre paint. Schoolcraft’s writing describes the Pictographs based on images provided by Chief Shingwauk of the Garden River First Nation. Cheif Shingwauk’s early drawings outline two sets of Pictographs — the one set is now known as the Agawa Pictographs and the other has never been located.
To view the Agawa Pictographs visitors have to climb out onto a ledge that extends over Lake Superior. The ledge can be slippery at times and visiting the site during good weather and in groups is recommended. The climb to the Pictographs is breathtaking and truly worth the effort, though I wouldn’t recommend it if you are prone to fear of heights or have a fear of water. The nature of the Pictographs — painted using a natural substance and constantly exposed to the elements — has contributed to the deterioration and fading of the images over time. It is unknown how many other images have already disappeared or become inaccessible.
Some of the figures depicted in the Pictographs reflect spiritual and oral traditions in Ojibwa culture. One of the most visible and well known Agawa Pictographs is a depiction of Mishipeshu, the water spirit who lives in Lake Superior. Mishipeshu is known as a water lynx and it is believed to control the conditions of the waters in Superior; if he was content the water would be clam but if enraged Lake Superior would be violently rough.
There is a slight irony in the fact that the Pictographs are located in what is now a Provincial Park. The land which was once home to a nomadic and vibrant First Nation peoples is now owned by the government and used primarily by tourists — the original peoples of the area were evicted by the government and relocated. Granted, the Provincial Park has helped preserve this segment of Canada’s natural heritage, but it is important that visitors acknowledge the traditional territorial rights of the area and are aware of the history that isn’t presented by the Agawa Visitor’s Centre.
|Ogasawara Islands, Japan
|Each year the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) revises its list of world heritage sites. The initiative to designate buildings, towns, landscapes, and other materials on an international scale began in 1972 following the ratification of the convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage.
This year’s UNESCO meeting was held in June in Paris, France. During this meeting 25 additional heritage sites gained UNESCO designation. A range of sites were added, however the majority of the sites fall under the cultural heritage type of designation. The 25 additional sites include:
- Mixed natural and cultural properties:
- Cultural Properties
- Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison (Barbados)
- West Lake Cultural Landscape of Hangzhou (China)
- Coffee Cultural Landscape of Colombia (Colombia)
- The Persian Garden (Iran)
- Konso Cultural Landscape (Ethiopia)
- The Causses and the Cévennes, Mediterranean Agro-pastoral Cultural Landscape (France)
- Fagus Factory in Alfeld (Germany)
- Longobards in Italy. Places of the power (568-774 A.D.) (Italy)
- Hiraizumi – Temples, Gardens and Archaeological Sites Representing The Buddhist Pure Land (Japan)
- Fort Jesus, Mombasa (Kenya)
- Petroglyphs Complexes of the Mongolian Altai (Mongolia)
- León Cathedral (Nicaragua)
- Saloum Delta (Senegal)
- Cultural Landscape of the Serra de Tramuntana (Spain)
- Archaeological Sites of the Island of Meroe (Sudan)
- Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps (Switzerland, Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Slovenia)
- Ancient Villages of Northern Syria (Syrian Arab Republic)
- Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex (Turkey)
- Cultural Sites of Al Ain (Hafit, Hili, Bidaa Bint Saud and Oases Areas)
- The Residence of Bukovinian and Dalmatian Metropolitans (Ukraine)
- Citadel of the Ho Dynasty (Viet Nam)